Saturday, October 31, 2015

Russian Airliner Crashes in Egypt, Killing 224

from nytimes

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Plane Passengers' Bodies Arrive in Cairo

As bodies of the Russian airliner that crashed in the Sinai Peninsula on Saturday arrived in Cairo, officials in Egypt and Russia discussed the investigation.
 By REUTERS on Publish DateOctober 31, 2015. Photo by Mohammed Hossam/European Pressphoto Agency.Watch in Times Video »
MOSCOW — A Russian charter flight ferrying 224 p
assengers and crew to St. Petersburg from the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, crashed soon after taking off early Saturday, killing everyone onboard, officials in Egypt andRussia said.
The plane, an 18-year-old Airbus A321-200, disappeared from radar screens about 25 minutes after it took off, according to official accounts. Hossam Kamal, the Egyptian transportation minister, denied that anything abnormal had happened before the plane disappeared. Earlier news reports in Egypt, citing officials, said the pilot had radioed that he was having technical difficulties and wanted to make an emergency landing.
“Communications between the pilot and the tower were very normal — no distress signals occurred,” Mr. Kamal said at a news conference broadcast nationally. The pilot did not request to change his route to make an emergency landing, he said, emphasizing that “all was normal; the plane disappeared suddenly off the radar without any prior warning.”
Debris in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt where a plane bound for St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed. The flight recorder was recovered. CreditEuropean Pressphoto Agency
The Egyptian government sent military crews and 50 ambulances to the crash site in an area called Hasana, a mountainous region about 46 miles south of El-Arish, the main city in the part of the Sinai Peninsula where the crash occurred. The ambulances began taking the 129 bodies recovered to military helicopters, senior officials said. All 224 people onboard the plane died, the Russian Embassy in Cairo said in a brief statement on Twitter.
Hours after the crash, a branch of the Islamic State operating in Sinai claimed responsibility. There has been no indication that the branch has the kind of weapons needed to bring down a plane from a high altitude. The other possibility would be a bomb planted or carried onboard. There has been a violent insurgency in Sinai against the Egyptian government for several years.
Egyptian and Russian officials did not immediately confirm the cause of the crash. The plane had apparently been trying to land at the airport at El-Arish, in northern Sinai, when it crashed, spreading mangled wreckage over a wide area of desert.
Maxim Sokolov, the Russian transportation minister, issued a statement rejecting reports that the plane had been the target of a terrorist attack.
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Mediterranean Sea
Nile Delta
Last radar
Flight path
Sharm el-Sheikh
50 Miles
Red Sea
Altitude data from flight
40,000 feet
Local time
500 knots (575 m.p.h.)
300 (345)
Speed data from flight
100 (115)
“This information cannot be considered credible,” Mr. Sokolov said. “We are in a close contact with our Egyptian colleagues, with the aviation authorities of this country. At the moment, they have no information that would confirm such fabrications.”
Air France and Lufthansa said Saturday that they would avoid flying over the Sinai Peninsula as a precaution until further notice. Lufthansa said this would involve rerouting flights to six destinations.
The plane was flying at 31,000 feet when it suddenly began to descend. The general range of the shoulder-fired missiles, commonly known as Manpads, that have been used against Egyptian military helicopters in the region is much lower, around 20,000 feet.
Russian officials emphasized that determining the cause of the crash would require a technical analysis of the flight recorders and other work. Investigators from both Russia and France will assist.
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News reports in Egypt quoted the first security officials who reached the site as saying that the plane had broken in two and that many of the passengers were still strapped into their seats.
Sherif Ismail, the Egyptian prime minister, said at a news conference that the flight recorder had been recovered, along with the bodies of 129 victims. Debris from the crash was spread over an area of at least four miles, he said, and the security services continued to comb it.
Television footage showed ambulances backing up to a brown military transport helicopter and wrapped corpses being put on board.
An Egyptian government statement said the plane had been carrying 217 passengers, including 17 children, and seven crew members. Everyone onboard was Russian, most from the St. Petersburg region, except for three passengers from Ukraine and one from Belarus.
Relatives of the victims of the Russian charter flight that crashed in the Sinai Peninsula early Saturday mourned at a hotel near Pulkovo airport in St. Petersburg. CreditPeter Kovalev/Reuters
The plane, Metrojet Flight 7K9268, left the airport in Sharm el-Sheikh shortly before 6 a.m. and disappeared from radar screens at 6:20 a.m.
A website called Flightradar24, which tracks air traffic around the globe, said the plane had been descending at a rate of 6,000 feet per minute just before it disappeared from radar.
In St. Petersburg, friends and relatives who showed up at Pulkovo Airport to meet the flight were shuttled to the nearby Crowne Plaza hotel. They remained cordoned off in a corner of the lobby, awaiting developments. ARussian Orthodox priest and at least one grief counselor circled among them.
Nina, an elderly woman who gave only her first name, said she was waiting to give a sample of her DNA, requested from all the relatives to help identify the victims. “I saw the news on television, so I came,” she said. Her son Alexei, 45, and his fiancée, Natasha, had been vacationing in Egypt.
Relatives of passengers on a flight that crashed in Egypt wait for news at Pulkovo Airport on Saturday.CreditAnatoly Maltsev/European Pressphoto Agency
President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia ordered the establishment of a state commission to investigate the crash. The Russian government also sent a plane from its emergency services to take a team of investigators to the scene.
Mr. Putin declared Sunday a day of mourning for the victims. Russian news reports said the crash was the worst aviation disaster in Russian history.
A criminal investigation began with searches of the airline’s offices to make sure the plane was in compliance with Russian safety standards, according to a statement on the website of the Investigative Committee, the main government agency for criminal inquiries.
The plane was operated by Kogalymavia, which is privately owned and flies planes under the name Metrojet. There was nothing remarkable about the airline’s safety record, though the fuel tank on one of its planes exploded before departure from the Siberian city of Surgut in 2011, and the ensuing fire killed three people.
Victims’ relatives at Pulkovo airport on Saturday. The crash was Russia’s worst aviation accident. CreditAnatoly Maltsev/European Pressphoto Agency
The airline issued a statement saying that the plane had been in good working order and in the hands of experienced pilots.
“In 2014, the airplane has undergone factory maintenance in accordance with the factory specifications,” the statement said. “All requirements of preflight technical maintenance were fulfilled in full and on time.”
Russian news reports quoted unidentified sources as saying that the crew had recently complained about problems with one of the two engines on the plane that crashed, but there was no official confirmation.
The sharp drop in the value of the ruble and tensions with the West over the past year have sharply diminished the number of Russians traveling abroad. But Egypt remained the No. 1 tourist destination for Russians leaving the country in the first six months of 2015, with more than a million Russians vacationing there, according to the Russian federal agency for tourism. A basic package tour including a flight, hotel and meals can be had for as little as $500 or $600 a week.
A woman at Pulkovo Airport in St. Petersburg after hearing about the fatal plane crash.CreditPeter Kovalev/Reuters
Apart from coastal resorts in the south, much of the Sinai Peninsula is a closed military zone, with a long-running insurgency by jihadist groups against the government of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
In the claim of responsibility, which the SITE Intelligence Group said was issued by the Sinai Province of the Islamic State, the terrorists indicated that they had shot the plane down in retaliation for Russia’s military actions in Syria.
Generally, analysts have noted that the Islamic State does not issue official statements for attacks it has not carried out. That is less true for its followers, however. “Soldiers of the Caliphate were able to down a Russian airplane over Sinai province,” the statement said. “It was carrying on board more than 220 Russian crusaders. O Russians and whoever is allied with you, know that you neither have safety in the lands of Muslims nor in the air, and that killing dozens every day” in Syria “by the bombardment of your aircraft will bring calamity on you.”
It is unclear what weapon systems the Sinai branch of the Islamic State has. French officials and weapons manuals recovered in Mali confirmed in 2013 that Al Qaeda’s branch in North Africa possessed SA-7a and SA-7b surface-to-air missiles, which are capable of shooting down a commercial plane during takeoff and landing but do not have the range to hit an aircraft at high altitude.
Members of Al Qaeda’s branch in Africa have defected to the Islamic State, but it is unclear if they brought weapons with them.
The Sinai branch of the Islamic State has displayed the capability to shoot down an aircraft on at least one occasion. In January 2014, when the group was known as Ansar Beit al-Maqdis and had not yet linked itself to the Islamic State, the militants used a Manpad portable missile launcher to take down an Egyptian military helicopter. This summer, the group also hit an Egyptian naval vessel in the Mediterranean with a guided missile.

Friday, October 30, 2015

Roman Polanski Won’t Be Extradited After Polish Court Rejects U.S. Request

from nytimes


KRAKOW, Poland — A judge in Poland on Friday turned down a request by the United States for the extradition of the filmmaker Roman Polanski, who is wanted over a 1977 conviction for having sex with a 13-year-old girl.
At a hearing in Krakow, Judge Dariusz Mazur ruled that turning over Mr. Polanski would be an “obviously unlawful” deprivation of liberty, and he added that California was unlikely to be ready to humanely incarcerate the 82-year-old filmmaker, given his age.
Mr. Polanski, a citizen of France and Poland, has been working on a film in Poland about Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, who was wrongly convicted of spying for Germany in 1894. He was in Krakow on Friday, but he did not appear at the hearing, the latest chapter in a 38-year trans-Atlantic legal controversy.
Over the years, prosecutors and judges in Los Angeles have said that Mr. Polanski must return to the United States to face sentencing. His lawyers have asserted that improprieties by the trial judge — now deceased — and others had violated his legal rights.
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No Extradition for Polanski

A Polish court rejected the United States' request to extradite the movie director Roman Polanski, who was convicted in 1977 on charges including rape.
 By REUTERS on Publish DateOctober 30, 2015. Photo by Jacek Bednarczyk/European Pressphoto Agency.Watch in Times Video »
Judge Mazur sided with Mr. Polanski’s lawyers. “I’m terrified by the statements of some of my colleagues in the U.S.,” he said, citing an account last year that a Los Angeles judge thought Mr. Polanski should “cool his heels in jail” if he returned to the United States under a proposed deal in which the authorities would agree that the filmmaker had already served his punishment. (The deal did not happen.)
“If I were to behave like them, I’d lose the respect of all my subordinates here,” Judge Mazur said. “I do not find any logical, rational explanation as to why the U.S. is pursuing the extradition.”
Judge Mazur’s ruling is not necessarily the final step in the Polish case; prosecutors could appeal. “We will wait until we get the full decision in writing before deciding whether to appeal,” the regional prosecutor, Danuta Bieniarz, told journalists after the ruling. (Complicating the matter, an influential politician in the right-wing party that took the most votes in parliamentary elections on Sunday, Mariusz Blaszczak, has expressed sympathy for the American position.)
A lawyer for Mr. Polanski, Jan Olszewski, had argued passionately against the extradition request, which American authorities made to the Polish government in January. “The victim in this case did not want jail time for Polanski,” Mr. Olszewski said. “She forgave him. This is rare in this kind of case.”
He added: “This is not a matter of justice. This is not about the victim. She said that the whole proceeding has harmed her more than what Mr. Polanski did to her.”
Mr. Olszweski and another defense lawyer, Jerzy Stachowicz, repeatedly cited the 2008 documentary “Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired,” which suggested prosecutorial overreach and judicial misconduct in the United States. They argued that extraditing Mr. Polanski would violate the European Convention on Human Rights and his right to a fair trial.
In contrast, Ms. Bieniarz, the prosecutor, kept her argument brief. “In our opinion, there are no legal grounds to stop the extradition,” she told Judge Mazur. “The case has not expired under American law, and we do not think that the extradition is unlawful, on the basis of Polish law. There is no proof that Polanski will be treated inhumanely in the United States.”
Representatives of the Los Angeles County district attorney’s office and court system did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Friday, nor did Mr. Polanski.
The legal decision in Poland follows Switzerland’s refusal in 2010 to extradite Mr. Polanski. He had been arrested at the Zurich airport and held for about 10 months during a series of hearings similar to the ones in Poland.
In Switzerland, the authorities said that they had not been given enough information about the case to justify sending Mr. Polanski to the United States for sentencing. They pointed in particular to a failure by officials in Los Angeles to forward sealed testimony by Roger Gunson, a now-retired lawyer who had originally prosecuted the case.
Mr. Gunson gave provisional testimony in 2009, when he was gravely ill, about a plan by the trial judge, Laurence J. Rittenband, to limit Mr. Polanski’s sentence to a 90-day psychiatric evaluation, a portion of which Mr. Polanski served in Chino State Prison. Mr. Gunson’s account also was not provided to the Polish court.
Mr. Gunson is still alive, and the testimony has not been unsealed. Judge Rittenband died in 1993.
Mr. Polanski was first arrested in 1977 on charges that included the rape of a 13-year-old girl at the home of the actor Jack Nicholson. In 1978, he fled the United States on the eve of sentencing under an agreement by which he was to plead guilty to a count of statutory rape.
Mr. Polanski abruptly left the country after learning that Judge Rittenband would revise his plan to limit his sentence.
The victim in the case for which Mr. Polanski was convicted, Samantha Geimer, who revisited the legal proceedings in a 2013 memoirwrote on her Facebook page on Friday: “If they were smart, they’d stop trying to bring him back. If they ever do, the truth about the corruption in the D.A.’s office and court will finally be known.”
In December, Judge James R. Brandlin of the Los Angeles County Superior Court dismissed a motion in which Alan M. Dershowitz, who then represented Mr. Polanski, argued that prosecutors had provided false information to the Swiss authorities. The motion also cited internal court emails that Mr. Dershowitz contended were evidence that a Superior Court judge in 2009 unethically prejudged issues related to the case.

In 2009, a California appeals court panel suggested that Mr. Polanski could be sentenced in absentia, opening the way to possible resolution of the long-running standoff. But that suggestion was rejected by the Superior Court.
Mr. Polanski is now represented in the United States by Harland W. Braun, a defense attorney whose celebrity clients have included the actors Robert Blake, Gary Busey and Roseanne Barr. After the retirement of Mr. Polanski’s longtime lawyer, Douglas Dalton, Mr. Braun was recruited for the job by the Hollywood filmmaker and power broker Brett Ratner.
Since 2012, Mr. Polanski has talked of directing a film about Captain Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French Army, whose 1894 trial for treason caused political scandal. Mr. Polanski has said he views the film, of which Mr. Ratner is a producer and an investor, as a way to teach lessons about official misbehavior.
Correction: October 30, 2015 
Because of an editing error, an earlier version of a picture caption with this article misidentified the lawyer photographed with the filmmaker Roman Polanski. He is Jerzy Stachowicz, not Jan Olszewski.